Contributed Talk - Splinter Exoplanets
Photodynamical Modelling: An Update on Kepler-9
J. Freudenthal1, C. von Essen2, S. Dreizler1 and the KOINet
1Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
2Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
A photodynamical model describes all transit lightcurves of a planetary system
simultaneously under consideration of the system's dynamics. Calculating the
lightcurves from the output of a numerical integration over the time span of
observations leads to a better understanding and characterization of the system.
Such a model is most suitable for systems that show variations in the transit
time (TTVs). These variations as well as variations in transit depth and duration
are directly modeled and explained by the gravitational interaction of all
system's objects. Our model is coupled with a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm,
that helps to explore the parameter space.
We present the application of our model to the Kepler-9 system including new ground-based observations of transit lightcurves from the years 2014 - 2017 obtained by the KOINet, a multi-site network of telescopes around the globe organized to follow-up KOIs with large TTVs.